Starting an Aquarium

Choosing the right aquarium size is the first step in starting an aquarium. When it comes to choosing an aquarium, the rule of the thumb is: the bigger, the better. The larger the aquarium, the more volume of water it can keep, which in turn means more stable water chemistry. Choosing an aquarium should also be based on how much is comfortable spending and how much space you have for the aquarium.

Next, you need to choose the stand and location for your aquarium. A water-filled aquarium can be very heavy. Aquariums are also designed to spread out the weight evenly at the bottom. Make sure your aquarium stand is even and very sturdy. From here, the direction you will take will depend on whether you want a freshwater, saltwater, brackish, or planted aquarium.

Once you have determined your aquarium system, the next step to take is fill the tank with water, then set up the heater (with thermometer), lighting system, and filter. Don't add fish yet - the water in the tank has to be conditioned first using a process called biological filtration. The aim of biological filtration is to introduce beneficial bacteria into the tank that will help maintain the biological cycle in your aquarium. The bacteria will metabolize the waste products of fish and other aquarium inhabitants.

To cycle the aquarium water, you add a small number of disposable fish to the tank, letting them stay there until they have produced high concentration of ammonia (establishing biological filtration this way takes about 2 to 4 weeks). Another way to do this is to add ammonia to the tank. Let the water sit for about a month without adding any water at all. Once the biological filter is established, you are ready to add your pet fish to the aquarium.


It is becoming coomm

Dayan - Feb 10, 2016 07:11 PM EDT

It is becoming coommn place to use sand in the tank. Sand provides for a natural, clean look and the fish absolutely love it. My fish spend half of the day grazing for food and the other re-arranging the substrate. Because of the density of the sand, debris tends to collect on the surface making it very easy to clean. Sand, like gravel, is available in many different colors. I've seen everything from pure white, to gold, tan, brown and even black. You can even supplement the sand with crushed coral or shells to improve the look and PH buffering ability.There are 2 basic compositions available, Aragonite and Silica. Aragonite has the added advantage of buffering your PH and I have read several times in various forums that Silica based sand tends to harbor algae growth but have not found that to be the case.If you choose to use sand there are a couple of considerations to keep in mind. First of all be sure that the grains are fairly uniform in size and not too fine. Secondly, if your tap water is low in PH, it may be worth it to find Aragonite based sand to aid in buffering the desired higher ph that your cichlids require. And perhaps the most important advise I can give you, clean it extremely well prior to placing it in the tank and when your sure you have it clean, clean it again. How much is the right amount of sand? To have a uniform 2-3 inches of sand, you will require about 1 pound of sand per gallon of tank capacity. A little more or less depending on the shape of your tank.

Strange Actions

Vishal Krishnan - Dec 26, 2014 05:15 AM EDT

You have mentioned in the above statments that oscar fish chase their room-mates around the tank. But, my oscar does'nt. And the other confusion i have is if i can keep a platy,moly and oscar in the same bowl and if they will breed.


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